Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Question: Which Essential Questions will you ask a Pediatric Patient or their Caregiver when the Presenting Complaint is bleeding the runs? Answer: Managing pediatric patients can be trying as some of them have not yet built up the fundamental relational abilities to clarify their circumstance. Grisly loose bowels is a typical event in numerous kids which may be affected by numerous variables, and the most ideal approach to discover the subtleties is by scrutinizing the human services suppliers. A portion of the inquiries to pose are the measure of blood in the stool as it would decide the degree of the disease. Is there any indication of a butt-centric crevice which may be adding to the blood? Is the youngster feeling any sorts of torment in the latrine? The pediatrician ought to likewise discover the potential outcomes of provocative inside contaminations in the patient (Dinleyici, 2009). These questions will change contingent upon the times of the patients as there are various causes and ramifications of a wicked stool for various youngsters. The newborn children underneath one year old enough may encounter the circumstance b ecause of bosom milk or cow milk colitis. For kids over one year old enough, the condition can happen as a result of ulcerative and Crohn's colitis. Their ages can, subsequently, be an indication of a serious sickness and it is, in this way, fundamental to place into thought. An authentic finding about the requirement for a clinical test is that albeit most cases of grisly stool may be normal for pediatric patients, some of them require analysis as they may be an extreme location infections (Dinleyici, 2009). Bleeding stools for more established kids who are over two years old may be the indications of Bacterial gastroenteritis or even Crohns infection. The most fundamental symptomatic examinations to take are intestinal diseases since they may be the contributing elements to the condition. Instances of expected analysis for this situation may be bacterial gastroenteritis, crohons illness and ulcerative disease. Gastroenteritis determination can fluctuate from food sensitivities and harming, cholera and Ulcerative colitis which are bound to confront the little youngsters. Heaving cases are brought about by numerous components relying upon the periods of the patients in question. Some of the time it may be because of stomach upsets and food contamination, however some others are serious (NCCWCH, 2009). For newborn children, it may be hard to build up the genuine reason for spewing, yet the majority of the occasions it is because of contaminations in the digestion tracts. The circumstance may be shown by higher temperatures of up to 38 C or much higher which requires the requirement for a specialist assessment. The case varies for more established kids whereby retching is for the most part a result of irresistible gastroenteritis. They happen for a brief timeframe in the wake of taking suppers which may contain bacterial poisons. In young people, the circumstance may be like that of kids, whic h are for the most part contaminations. It may, in any case, vary in the instances of pregnancy, gastric ulcers, an overdose of substances and medications, pancreatitis and significantly more for young people (NCCWCH, 2009). As indicated by clinical discoveries, an analysis is vital in the instances of gastroenteritis in youngsters as it may be an indication of serious diseases of the digestive organs which can prompt wellbeing complexities (NCCWCH, 2009). The essential demonstrative examination ought to be of the food consumption that the kid has taken in the previous days to inspect the nearness of poisons. Toxin and hypersensitivities in diet add to Gastroenteritis and should, along these lines, be paid attention to. Since a portion of these patients are too youthful to even think about realizing the outrageous of their torment, guardians ought to consistently examine the circumstance and look for clinical exhortation when required. References Dinleyici, E. C., Eren, M., Yargic, Z. A., Dogan, N., Vandenplas, Y. (2009). Clinical adequacy of Saccharomyces boulardii and metronidazole contrasted with metronidazole alone in kids with intense grisly looseness of the bowels brought about by amebiasis: a planned, randomized, open mark study. The American diary of tropical medication and cleanliness, 80(6), 953-955. National Collaborating Center for Women's and Children's Health;UK. (NCCWCH) (2009). Loose bowels and heaving brought about by gastroenteritis: finding, appraisal and the board in kids more youthful than 5 years.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
A Complete History of AP Classes and Controversies SAT/ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips You most likely envision the AP test program as one of the strange early stage powers of the cosmic system, alongside gravity and charges. In any case, in fact, the AP program is just around 60 years of age. From its shamelessly elitist beginnings to its current endeavors to democratize propelled secondary school coursework, read on to find a short history of AP classes and tests, some current AP discussions, and a few musings on the programÃ¢â¬â¢s future. History of the AP Program The narrative of the AP program starts during the 1950s. Amidst the Cold War, American policymakers started to expect that secondary school was not enough getting ready understudies for school and post-graduate studyand understudies with cutting edge preparing were seen as a fundamental piece of the American triumph over the Soviet Union.In reaction to the need to all the more likely coordinate auxiliary and college training, the Ford Foundation made the Fund for the Advancement of Education (FAE) in 1951. One of FAEÃ¢â¬â¢s introductory examinations included looking at the records of alumni of first class prep schoolsLawrenceville, Exeter, and Andoverwho were seniors at Yale, Harvard, and Princeton. They found that most understudies were taking section level coursework in their first year at school that just rehashed things they had just learned in secondary school. The last report recommended that further developed secondary school understudies be permitted Ã¢â¬Å"advanced placementÃ¢â¬ in school coursework dependent on test results. In the interim, an equal FAE venture dealt with creating widespread initial school level curriculafor usage in secondary schools. The two examinations together prompted an experimental run program with 27 schools controlling the first AP tests in 1954. After the solid execution of the test-takers when contrasted with school green bean who had taken early on college coursework, ten AP tests were turned out broadly in 1956: Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English Composition, Literature, French, German, Spanish, and Latin. The executives of the AP program was given to the College Board in 1955. In the good 'ol days, no tests were longer than three hours and understudies could take any number of tests for a $10 charge. From the earliest starting point, understudies got scores from 1 to 5, as they do today. The 1960s saw the start of an expanded spotlight on educator preparing and test reviewing normalization to build generally program consistency.Subsequent decades have seen both a gigantic development in the quantity of understudies taking tests and in the quantity of various tests advertised. Numerous test and program corrections have additionally occurred in the midst of worries that the program is one-sided towards understudies of a higher financial status. Throughout the years, the cost of every test has risen drastically. In 2015, every test cost $91. Money related guide was accessible for a $26-28 rebate, yet this despite everything leaves the expense at over $60 per test. There are right now 37 courses, and more than 2 million understudies took more than 4 million AP tests in 2014. There are around 16 million secondary school understudies (everything being equal) in the nation, which implies that one out of eight, or about 12%, took at any rate one AP test a year ago. For additional on the historical backdrop of the AP, see this inside and out article by history educator Eric Rothschild. During the 1960s the AP Program extended, and Buzz Aldrin arranged to go to the moon. Current Controversies For all that AP tests have become a key marker in secondary school coursework meticulousness and an indispensable piece of the secondary school-to-school change, the historical backdrop of AP classesis not without its issues and debates. There are four fundamental issues with the AP program at present under discussion in the national talk on instruction. The Program Is Biased Towards the Privileged Notwithstanding the College BoardÃ¢â¬â¢s endeavors to make the test reasonable for all and to some degree normalize educational plans, the reality remains that the AP program is best at schools with more assets. These schools can manage the cost of the best instructors, littler class sizes, more up to date course readings, and better innovation, all of which add to getting ready understudies for AP tests. This implies understudies at less well-resourced government funded schools frequently don't get sufficient groundwork for the test, regardless of whether their schools offer AP courses. In this sense, the AP program does little to address genuine training imbalance and may even sustain it. Indeed, even the expense of the test is restrictive to low-salary studentswith budgetary guide, every test is still over $60. The Too-Rapid Expansion of the AP Program A comparable concern is that the quick extension of the AP program has set numerous understudies up to flop on their tests. Some have contended that the College Board pushes APs into low-salary schools and elevates opening AP courses to all understudies (not simply praises level ones) too quickly. At that point, itÃ¢â¬â¢s contended, they donÃ¢â¬â¢t offer satisfactory help or assets in ensuring schools can really plan understudies for the tests. This fair prompts numerous understudies squandering cash taking tests they are probably going to come up short. The Coursework Is Not College-Level Another normal grievance is that AP coursework isn't a sufficient substitute for early on school coursework. There are worries that AP classes skim an excess of material too rapidly, keeping understudies from creating inside and out information or genuine comprehension of the subject. This prompts understudies being caught off guard for cutting edge level coursework when they utilize their AP coursework to skirt starting classes. A few Schools Are Dropping the AP Program A few schools, most outstandingly the University of Chicago Lab School, are dropping AP courses from their contributions in the midst of worries that the courses keep instructors and understudies from genuinely fulfilling, top to bottom scholarly request of subjects. Obviously, others have called attention to that itÃ¢â¬â¢s extremely just esteemed secondary schools that can stand to drop AP classes since, for some schools, AP coursework is the essential marker of scholarly thoroughness on understudy school applications. In that sense, itÃ¢â¬â¢s impossible that there will be a mass migration away from the AP program at any point in the near future. Just extravagant schools can drop their AP courses for other propelled coursework. The Future of the AP Program There are, when all is said in done, two significant developments inside the AP program to address a portion of these worries: changing courses and presenting new courses. Course Revisions An enormous number of AP Courses have been as of late reexamined or are presently update. Obviously, each course is extraordinary, however there have been some broad topics to the changes. One significant point is to decrease the substance extent of huge numbers of the courses with the goal that understudies can get more dominance over a smaller range of topic. Another significant change is to concentrate more on basic reasoning and examination skillsan case of this change is the attention on investigating sources on the overhauled history tests. The expectation is that by showing more aptitudes and less substance for repetition remembrance, understudies will acquire solid scholarly skills from AP courses that they can convey forward into school. Presenting New Courses and Programs Another change has been to present some new courses, as AP Computer Science Principles. The most outstanding expansion, be that as it may, is the AP Capstone program, which is intended to contend with IB. To get an AP Capstone certificate, understudies need to take one year of the new AP Seminar course followed by one year of the new AP Research course, notwithstanding four other AP courses. Understudies need to score a 3 or better on all tests/courses to get the AP Capstone recognition. AP Seminar and AP Research are intended to substantially more intently impersonate the vibe of a little school workshop class, with an interdisciplinary concentration and bunches of expanded individual request. The AP Capstone program points both to all the more likely plan understudies for school coursework and to carry more attachment to the AP program by and large. Will future AP tests be delegated by robots? KeyPoints in the History of AP Exams and Courses The AP Program began as an experimental run program during the 50s, in the midst of worries that understudies in secondary school were not being enough arranged for cutting edge coursework and school and graduate education.From its little beginnings, the AP Program has gotten a goliath, with more than 2 million understudies taking AP tests in 2014. In any case, the program isnÃ¢â¬â¢t without its faultfinders. There are worries that the program propagates instruction disparity, that it has extended also quickly to get ready schools or understudies for the coursework, and that the coursework isn't school level. Some tip top secondary schools have even dropped their AP programs. In light of a portion of these issues, the College Board is amidst a broad modification process that has limited the substance extent of numerous courses and put an expanded spotlight on scholastic aptitudes and basic reasoning. They have likewise presented the AP Capstone program, an AP confirmation program intended to make an increasingly strong AP experience. Regardless of its issues, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t appear as though the AP program is going anyplace at any point in the near future. It keeps on being one of the essential markers of thoroughness on a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s secondary school transcript. However, it will be intriguing to perceive what's in store! WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next? Pondering about the new AP Capstone program depicted in this article? See our advisers for AP Seminar, AP Research, the AP Capstone program, and which schools are at present taking part the AP Capstone program. In the event that youÃ¢â¬â¢re searching for more data about the AP program, see our articles on whether the College Board is fumbling the AP program and five issues with the AP program. Inquisitive about the IB program, as well? See first experience with the IB program.
Sunday, August 16, 2020
How to Write a Good Literature Review All students need to write a literature review sooner or later. Basically, itâs all about an attempt to create a full account in everything published on the chosen topic. You should place it near the beginning of your academic writing in essays, research papers, and other assignments. Learn how to write a literature review outline to earn good grades. Intro Itâs possible to loosely define a literature review as an overview of all related research findings based on your chosen subject. In other words, writing it sets the entire stage for the rest of your academic paper, so it must include what is unknown and what is known. Get a better idea of what makes your study relevant and master the right literature review format. What is a literature review? Your literature review is a brief survey of everything written about a specific topic, research question, or theory. It should provide a background for further work or stand on its own. This paper is not only a basic list of sources, but it also needs to synthesize and analyze data about key issues and themes. Read this comprehensive guide to writing literature review to find out more. Types of literature review There are different approaches that can be used to effectively draft and organize your literature review: Argumentative reviews examine literature selectively to either refute or support a major argument, and its basic purpose is to develop the body of literature that can establish contrarian points of view; Integrative reviews synthesize and critique representative literature on the chosen topic to generate a new perspective or framework; Historical reviews are targeted at examining research within a certain period of time and identify possible directions for future studies; Methodological reviews are focused on specific methods of analysis; Systematic reviews should offer an overview of existing proofs; Theoretical reviews concretely examine a particular theory. What is described in the literature review? The main purpose of any literature review is to provide readers with a critically written account of current research on your topic. Use effective guidelines for writing a literature review and ensure that your paper does the following: Placing every source of information in the context of its contribution to a better understanding of your issue; Determining the area of interest; Identifying new ways to interpret previous research and focusing on its gaps; Describing a connection of every source to others; Pointing the best way for further research. Key elements of good literature review To understand how to write a great literature review, ensure that it contains the following key elements: Objective; Overview of your chosen subject; Clear categories of all sources; Specific position; Discussions of every source and its similarity with others. Structure of literature review Your literature review should be structured well, while your major ideas should flow logically. Be sure to use only relevant and current references cited based on your discipline. Present all viewpoints and terms in a comprehensive and unbiased manner to end up with the best literature review structure. Introduction The introduction must identify your chosen subject, include a strong thesis to outline the conclusions that you want to draw from your literature synthesis and analysis, and offer a discussion of its importance. Donât forget to explain the role of your review to a specific research question. Body In the main body, you should assess and discuss research based on different organizational principles instead of addressing every source separately. Ensure that every paragraph discusses only one source. Conclusion The conclusion of your literature review must provide a brief summary of your important findings. Explain and provide useful suggestions for future studies to fill existing gaps. References Ensure that all of your references are formatted properly because writing a successful literature review is all about using them. Itâs necessary to cite everything you discuss. Steps of writing literature review How to write a review of literature? Start with gathering reliable sources while being focused on your topic. Read them all with a certain purpose in your mind because you need to isolate key issues and themes related to a research question. Next, you should evaluate all sources while considering their credentials and evidence. When comparing them, think about possible gaps, omissions, and conclusions. How to write a literature review step-by-step To learn how to write a literature review paper, take a few basic steps. Ensure that itâs guided by a particular research question and decide on its correct scope, which depends on your academic assignment. Choose some reliable databases to use in your research and make their convenient list. You can find them in local libraries and online. The next step is conducting your research to find updated and relevant literature. Review all abstracts to save a lot of time and take helpful notes. You should use references and bibliographies to find other interesting sources. Review literature while asking a few important questions: What is your research question? Can these sources impact your findings? What are their research methodologies? Are there any conflicting studies? Track your thinking processes at this stage and start writing your literature review after defining its general organizational pattern. Choosing a topic for literature review If you find it hard to choose a good topic for your literature review, use a few helpful tips. Look for the subjects that are not too narrow or too broad. However, ensure that your topic is wide enough to find relevant materials and information, especially when writing a longer article review. Choose something that you like or are interested in because this academic assignment must be a survey of a current field state. The less you know about the chosen subject, the more work you will have to do to provide readers with a better insight of current research. Pick topics that are interesting to other people too. Your chosen subject should be debatable and controversial enough because your article review should contribute to existing knowledge and understanding. Writing literature review outline If you want to earn high grades, but you donât know how to write a literature review, create its detailed outline. The right structure plays a huge role, just like in any other type of academic writing. Pay attention to detailed assignment guidelines and instructions to understand how to outline your article review correctly. Some of the most popular options include the following: By theme (when there are some strands in your subject that should be considered separately before you put them all together); Chronologically (be sure to write both descriptively and critically); By sector (based on different backgrounds); By the development of ideas (when there are some identifiable stages that should be looked at); By combinations of the above-mentioned methods or your own structure. There are many possible ways to create and organize your literature review outline. All you need to do is to make the one that best fits your topic. Tips and tricks The academic task of writing an efficient and logical literature review is challenging for many students. The good news is that you can use some helpful guidelines to simplify it: Frame it based on your research question; It should be relevant to your study; Make it clear to the audience where it will go; Use original source materials instead of reviews or summaries; Be selective and in control; Be engaged in a dialogue with sources; Treat your literature review as a specific research project. Your basic goal is to provide targeted readers with a clear appreciation of what, why, and how you do after finishing a literature review. Feel free to end it with a statement of your research question. Examples If you have no idea of how to start your literature review, find relevant and updated examples. They will teach you how to complete this academic task and what mistakes to avoid while providing you with excellent ideas and suggestions. Conclusion When writing all the above-mentioned elements of literature reviews, take into account a few basic considerations about viewpoints and authors, including: What are their other studies? Are they really reliable? Are perspectives of these studies subjective or objective? Are all topic sides represented in them? Can they significantly contribute to any broader field? If you want your literature review to provide other people with their relevant understanding of the chosen topic, itâs necessary to achieve these key goals: Emphasizing the need for future topic studies; Identifying new ways to understand research and interpret data; Placing your paper in the context of other works; Resolving existing conflicts in contradictory studies. If any of these steps seem daunting or confusing, you have effective ways to take them successfully. For example, turn to our experienced and trained custom paper writers who know everything about creating the best literature review. Our helpful services are easily available online and they wonât cost you a fortune. Use them to solve all of your academic problems easily and fast while saving a lot of free time.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Abstract Spirituality is not easily defined; many people tend to confuse spirituality with religion and when they are two completely different things their meaning and how they can be implemented into counseling will be discussed. Spirituality is mostly used in counseling to aid recovery in clients struggling with addiction (Greene Nguyen, 2012). There is pros and cons about integrating spirituality into counseling, is the client open to talk about their spiritual beliefs, is the counselor flexible and knowledgeable to accept other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs without forcing his or her beliefs into the client, how can a counselor help a person in need of recovery? These are questions that will lead to discussion to find the possible benefits and struggles that we might encounter when practicing spiritual counseling. INTEGRATING SPIRITUALITY INTO COUNSELING There is many definitions of spirituality and this may cause confusion into understanding how is spirituality used in a counseling setting and for what reason, peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s first thought might be to relate spirituality with religion. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s begin by defining what is Spirituality? According to White and Laudet (2006), spirituality can be defined by how it is experienced and what it does for the individual, it conveys experiences that will bring a sense of meaning and purpose in the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s life, it involves a belief in God or a higher power and also the encounter with oneÃ¢â¬â¢s inner strength and values. In other wordsShow MoreRelatedIntegrating Spirituality Into Counseling And Counseling2482 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages INTEGRATING SPIRITUALITY INTO COUNSELING Ana Cristina Garza Texas AM University Kingsville EDCG 5341- Spirituality Dr. Garza Abstract Spirituality is not easily defined; many people tend to confuse spirituality with religion and when they are two completely different things their meaning and how they can be implemented into counseling will be discussed. Spirituality is mostly used in counseling to aid recovery in clients struggling with addiction (Greene Nguyen, 2012)Read MoreThe Inclusion Of Spirituality Within The Counseling Process1258 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChristian counselor does not only use psychology and theology. McMinn believes that the inclusion of spirituality should be considered and limited only the intradisciplinary approach. It is considered intradisciplinary because it involves both the counselor and the client actively making decisions regarding therapy. McMinn explains that in order for the incorporation of spirituality within the counseling process, the counselor must have reached a certain level of spiritual maturity. The counselor isRead MoreA Review of Therapists Integration of Religion and Spirituality in Counseling1036 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSummary In this meta-analysis of integration of spirituality and religion in the counseling field, the authors seek to understand the skills and attitudes needed to integrate these variables into counseling. Among those that were studied are awareness of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own culture and heritage, respect for the diversity found in people concerning spirituality and religion and recognition of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s helping style and how it may be perceived by clients (Walker, Gorsuch, Tan, 2004). A difficulty that hasRead MorePsychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling by Mark McMinn1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiberty University Abstract In the book, Ã¢â¬Å"Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian CounselingÃ¢â¬ , author Mark McMinn gives the reader information on how these three entities can work together in Christian counseling. McMinn offers several ways in which this can be done including the use of prayer, Scripture, confession, forgiveness, the effects of sin, and redemption in counseling sessions. Through narration of counseling vignettes displaying different results, from different approaches demonstratesRead More4-Mat Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages4-MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Liberty University McMinn, Ph.D., Mark R. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. (1996) 4 MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Abstract Christian counseling is all about integrating psychology, theology and spirituality into counselor and clients lives. Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling gives insight into how these three perspectives can be used to help individualsRead MoreIntegrating Religious And Spirituality Within Counseling, Explicit Integration, And Integration954 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Summary There are several key concepts in this study. Religion and spirituality are discussed and compared to the knowledge and skills one learns when dealing with multicultural counseling. Walker, Gorsuch, and Tan (2004), there are three approaches to integrating religious and spirituality in counseling, explicit integration, implicit integration, and intrapersonal integration. Explicit integration Ã¢â¬Å"is a more overt approach that directly and systematically deals with spiritual or religious issuesRead More4-MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling1188 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessocial interest, can play a powerful role in human bonding; thus becoming a very spiritual component of life. It in itself has a profound effect on the societiesÃ¢â¬â¢ spiritual experiences; and just like religion can respectfully be considered a form of spirituality for a modern society, as exemplified in RobinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s movie Ã¢â¬ËField of DreamsÃ¢â¬â¢. This story resonates far beyond the power of dreams, its appeal lies in a vision of a perfect sport and the love for which can inadvertently resolve issues no matter howRead MoreSummary and Reflection of Mark R McMinns Article Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling1607 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPsychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling by Mark R. McMinn is a conscious effort to apply all the major elements of Christian faith to the work of counselors. McMinn has created a workable blueprint for Christian counselors by writing at length about Christian faith in and out of the counseling office, psychological health, prayer, scripture, sin, confession, forgiveness, and redemption. In doing so, McMinn has successfully blended modern counseling techniques with ChristianRead MoreA Research Report From Counseling And Values1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesType of Article Spirituality in the Counselor Education Curriculum: A National Survey of Students Perceptions (Dobmeier Reiner, 2012) is a research report from Counseling and Values. Counseling and Values are a validated journal of the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling (ASERVIC) and a participant of the American Counseling Association. Counseling and Values are a professional periodical of philosophy, research, and a well-versed opinion concerning the interactionsRead MoreSummary Therapists Integration Of Religion And Spirituality921 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSummary-Therapists Integration of Religion Spirituality In this article, there were a 26 survey conducted with 5,579 therapists with the integration of religion and spirituality in counseling. In the study, most therapist consider spirituality through their lives, but does not infrequently participate in religious activities. In the study, it was founded that marriage therapists consider more spirituality during their counseling session than other therapists, and marriage therapists is more likely
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Decision making essay resit: To support discharge home for end of life care. This essay aims to look at the authors role (a third year student nurse on an elderly ward) in regards to a decision making scenario in which an eighty six year old lady is severely unwell and the decision to support discharge home for end of life care needs to be made. The decision to discharge Barbara home was to be decided upon by the multi-disciplinary team (MDT) and therefore this essay will look into how the decision was made, the role of the author and team as well as the factors that facilitated the decision. It will explore a range of decision making models before identifying the one used (cognitive continuum) and evaluating whether or not it wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦At a recent yearly routine appointment to dilate her urostomy she was informed that she had kidney stones and was awaiting further guidance. After arriving in AE blood tests and further assessments were completed and it quickly became clear Barbara had a kidney infection, fluids and antibiotics were administered. Two days after admission Barbara showed no signs of improvement and continued to slip in and out of consciousness, at this stage the family were told to prepare for the worst. After Barbara was diagnosed with bladder cancer herself and husband Peter both decided to include do not resuscitate forms (DNR) as part of their will. It was stipulated that if Barbara was going to die Peter wanted her to be at home surrounded by family and friends. This was something that he and the family said Barbara would have wanted. Due to Barbara deteriorating quite quickly the ward sister held an emergency MDT meeting and it was agreed that they would aim to get Barbara home by the following day. This aim was met and two days later Barbara passed away peacefully at home in her sleep. In order for Barbara to return home a variety of decisions had to be made. The aim of these important decisions being to promote positive patient outcomes (Benner, Hughes and Sutphen, 2008). Standing (2014) reports that learning skills and knowledge used within nursing should not be secondary to developing decision making skills, and that in theory decisions should beShow MoreRelatedTransformational Leadership And The Employee Creativity1125 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrole of transformational leadership in predicting employee creativity. The inquiry prompted the study, Ã¢â¬Å"What is the role of transformational leadership in predicting employee creativity?Ã¢â¬ Data collection was done using survey questionnaires, using 372 respondents. Measurements entailed a short version of the MLQ to assess employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s perceptions of transformational leadership. A four-item scale adopted by Tierney was used to measure employee creativity. The main statistical analysis used was aRead More Improving A High Performing Agency Essay1446 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstrategies that directors should take into consideration if they want to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their agency. These strategies and components include being an autonomous agency, practicing organizational learning, having strong leadership and implementing institutionalization. One of the first important factors that that must be taken under consideration to achieve a high performing agency is autonomy. An autonomous agency is defined as an one that is free from external influencesRead MoreWeek 7 Leadership Paper1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Synthesis Paper: Leadership RES -811 April 22, 2015 Leadership Paper This paper will create a dialogue concerning the following articles and synthesis them to generate a discussion of the common themes that run throughout them, as well as understanding the conclusion of all three articles when taken as one entity. Article 1: Fearless Dominance and the U.S. Presidency: Implications of PsychopathicPersonality Traits for Successful and Unsuccessful Political Leadership by S.O. Lilienfeld, IRead MoreThe Transformational Leadership Model Of A Business Environment1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere are several different theories that can be applied to leadership. Hence, there are no right or wrong theories, purely just diverse perceptions. The trait theory of leadership believes that leaders are born and not made. This theory claims that leadership is inherited, and great leaders are born with natural leadership traits. Zaccaro, S. J. (2007) defines this as a Ã¢â¬Å"unique property of extraordinary individuals whose decisions are capable of sometimes radically changing the streams of historyÃ¢â¬ [Pg6]Read MoreDiversity in Western vs Eastern Transformational Leadership1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesin 1985 on leadership in the western world which focused on western leaders and how they influenced their su bordinates. What he found was that leaders across organizations shared similar attributes. He referred to this style as Ã¢â¬Å"transformational leadershipÃ¢â¬ . Through this style, leaders Ã¢â¬Å"inspire followers to transcend self-interest for the good of the organization and can have an extraordinary effect on their followersÃ¢â¬ (Robbins Judges, 2012:188). Bass discovered that cultures that used this leadershipRead MoreThe Current Incidents Of Poor Leadership Within The Health Service Essay1650 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesessay aims to define and analyse the leadership within the context of the NHS and specifically in the nursing profession. Further, this assignment will highlight some of the current incidents of poor leadership within the Health service. It will then briefly discuss some of the leadership theories whilst exploring my own leadership style along with rationale. SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threats) analysis will be conducted to identify my leadership potential, which will be included inRead MoreTransformational Leadership : A Transformational Leader1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTransformational Nursing Leadership INTRODUCTION Leadership is a process. The leader uses influence to inspire others toward a common goal. There are different types of leadership such as autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire. One leadership theory is transformational leadership. A transformational leader is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a leader who is committed to a vision that empowers othersÃ¢â¬ (Kelly, 2012). A transactional leader is focused on day toRead MoreI Don t Have As Much Teaching Experience1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbeen resolved. I am providing this particular situational problem as my own personal experience from a teacher standpoint and then evaluating and analyzing it from an administrative position. There are so many different theories and models of leadership behaviors and narrowing it down to only a few or assigning them to an experience written on paper is too inadequate to grasp the complexities of what leaders must do to be flexible in any given situation. Once placed in the same situation as whatRead MoreTheories Of Leadership Styles And Job Satisfaction Among Employees Serve As Predictors Of Innovation1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstudy is grounded in contingency theory, AdamsÃ¢â¬â¢ Equity Theory, HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s Two Factor theory, and the transformational-transactional organizational theories of leadership. Traditional leadership and motivational theories have failed to address how leadership styles and job satisfaction among employees serve as predictors of innovation in organizations. The strategic literature highlights leadership style and employee job satisfaction as an especially important influence on organizational innovationRead MoreThe And Transformational Tra nsactional Organizational Theories Of Leadership1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontingency and transformational-transactional organizational theories of leadership. The strategic literature highlights leadership style as an especially important influence on organizational innovation (Garcia-Morales, Jimenez-Barrionuevo, Gutierrez-Gutierrez, 2012). Contingency Theory Contingency theories are based upon the current leadership situation and are subject to change depending on the goal to be achieved (Waters, 2013). In contingency theory, the effectiveness of the leadership style depends
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The hospitality industry is one area where a large number of managers and chefs have become entrepreneurs and successful owners of their own businesses. Being a futuristic person I handle things with great patience, which is the main positive sign that strongly relates me to this esteemed industry. A constant learning process would lead me to improvise on the professional skills required to survive in this field. We will write a custom essay sample on Hospitality Course or any similar topic only for you Order Now Over the years, I see potentials for learning in every situation I find myself. The greatest motivation for me in applying for the Advance Diploma program in Ã¢â¬Ëhospitality and tourism operations managementÃ¢â¬â¢ is the opportunity it presents me to get exposed to the travel and tourism sector which is highly associated with the hospitality industry. This sector has grown leaps and bounds over the years and has promising growth potential. I believe that this Advance Diploma course will help me to achieve my ultimate goal, which is to develop myself to establish a career as a manager of a big concern or become an entrepreneur. To fulfill this goal however, I must develop my knowledge required to pilot major problems in this industry and learn to solve complex issues through an integrated approach. The hotelier must have a love for humanity, for humans show their worst side when they are tired and hungry. Being gracious to guests as well as to associates, shows a mastery of the art of hospitality. All these positive efforts had given me great exposure to the core areas of management in terms of all the four major departments Ã¢â¬â food and beverage, front office, food production and housekeeping to run and expand hotel business in this competitive world you need to have thorough knowledge of management as well. It will be an interesting work place where each day offers new challenges with never a dull moment, thereby making it extremely enjoyable. The industry offers a well rounded personality development for the individual and although there is glamour and show business, there are also a lot of hard work and long hours as well. I have demonstrated capacity and a unique ability in me to thrive in the midst of challenges. I believe this attitude would be of help particularly when real-life work challenges are presented and discussed. MY AIM: Business has come to me from my family. It has always fascinated me from my childhood. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s my dream as well as aim too to open a chain of restaurants in famous cities at the world level as because working at 5-star hotels, luxurious resorts, restaurants, clubs, on cruise lines, and more are always there in my imagination of work. And hence to full fill my objective and to quench my thirst for knowledge, diploma studies in hotel management will definitely help me keep up-to-date with the fast moving world. PREFERENCE FOR HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT: Keen interest in hotel management right from my teen age inspired me to develop my career for the same. The Diploma in hospitality management course taught at Georgian College, Canada, which provides a launch pad for progression to the hotel and resort Business in India. All business is competitive; companies and organization are striving to maximize the return on the application of their limited resources. To make more profit, to gain market share or to position themselves as being the no. 1 company in their field, whatever their objectives they will only be achieved by the application of sound management. PREFERENCE FOR CANADA: The world of today, as we know is a tough world Expertise and specialization are of great demands in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s era of competition. International exposure, study in depth and practical experience in the field of hotel management are the most important factors for a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s career and above all education from developed and advance country in the world, where the latest and most advance equipment facilities and opportunities for learning and acquiring detailed knowledge in a systematic way are available, which is not the case in other country. I feel CANADA is the pioneer and best place to full fill this requirement as all the latest trends are almost always seen emerging from this part of the globe and the rest of the world seems to follow suit, main view of the aforesaid background, I have found the course at Georgian college most existing, interesting and ideally suited to my requirements and ambitions. I look forward to have a meaningful tenure, which would help me launch a successful career. To conclude with a wide range of interests but definite goals, I am attracted to the advance diploma program at Georgian College which would suit me well and offer me perfect academic environment. It would be a great privilege if I am granted the opportunity to pursue my graduate studies at your reputed institution and I am quite confident that I will match the high standards set by your college. How to cite Hospitality Course, Papers
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Write an essay onFantastic University. Answer: Fantastic University is a non-profit organization, which intends to start a building project, amounted to $6.5 million. The organization uses to own a handsome amount of endowment fund. It is appreciated with triple A rating in terms of credit rating. Inspite of having enough internal fund and scope of bond financing, the management wish to finance the project out of its net operational income. The report is prepared to analyze the various sources of project financing and suggest the suitable source to the management. For this purpose, all the sources are critically overviewed along with the related advantages and disadvantages. Various consequences are also examined to co-relate with the project and with the organization to determine how any particular decision will affect the organizations financial structure and operation. Project Finance:- According to International Project Finance Association, project finance can be explained as the financing procedure for long- term infrastructure and public services, where the project cost, in terms of debt and equity, used for financing the project, are used to be paid off out of the net revenue or the net cash flow, generated from the project. The definition has given more focus on the financial activities of profit-seeking organization. For non-profit organization, the project finance may be defined as the process of sourcing the fund for financing any project, which will be covered by the net reserve fund, generated from financial activities. Generally, the project costs for non-profit organizations, especially university, are acquired from donations made by trustees government, endowment fund of the organization or by debt financing. Project Finance Model:- Before starting any project or planning for project finance, it is necessary to prepare an estimated financial cost structure on the basis of estimated inputs of the project. It will help to get an idea how much cost would be required periodically and also about the potential impacts of various funding options on the financial operation of the organization. For this purpose, project finance model is used to be prepared for asses the capability of the project or the organization to cover the operating costs and the debt expenses, if any, over the total period of the period. The main financial tool, used for the model, is the Estimated Cash Flow Statement. From the estimation, the organization can determine how much cash, it would require at any certain period of the project. Moreover, it can also provide the information whether the organization would be able to cover the additional debt expenses out of its operational cash inflow. Assessment of the Sources for Project Financing:- The most important part of project finance planning, is to determine the suitable finance structure. A suitable financial structure should include those financial sources, which can be more beneficial for the project or the organization. It is a common misconception that the sources, which would not cause any additional expenses, are more beneficial. It has been observed in many cases, that the additional expenses can be very useful for enjoying tax benefits and are proved to be cost effective than other sources. The cost effectiveness of any financing source depends on its nature, taxation and government policies and the nature of the project. Therefore, to determine the suitable project finance structure for Fantastic University, the possible financing options are discussed in detail below:- 1)Utilization of Endowment Fund:- Endowment fund is the most common investment funds, maintained by the non-profit organizations in United States. Endowment fund is generally created from the donations and excess revenues, generated from the operations. The endowment fund is mainly utilized for the operational activities and capital expenditures. Apart from that, it is also used for various specific purposes, such as, endowing professorship or student scholarships. The total fund is used to be invested in various investments and the expenses are met by the interest or dividend, earned from the investment, whereas, the principal fund is kept intact (Dimmock, 2012). Advantages:- As discussed above, endowment fund is common source of project financing for the non-profit organizations. The management may use the endowment fund for the building project. The main advantage of using the endowment fund, is that the organization does not have to bear any additional interest expense for the project. There will be no extra burden on the operational activities to cover the project expenses. Moreover, in the recent past, it has been observed that the total amount of donation to the universities and other educational institutions by non-government organizations or individuals has reduced as many universities were not utilizing the endowment funds properly. Therefore, if the organization would spend its endowment fund for development of the infrastructure, the donators might increase their donations. It would result in increase of the revenue of the organization. Disadvantage:- The endowment fund is created not only for capital expenditures, but also for other special purposes. Therefore, if the fund is used for the building project, the organization may face problems to provide scholarship or professorship to deserved candidates. Moreover, this type of fund is also utilized to assist the operational activities. Hence, in future, the organization may suffer from shortage of funds in regard to continue its daily operations. 2) Bond Financing:- Bond financing is a form of debt financing, which is provided by the local government authority to the non-profit organizations. The interest rate is very low in comparison to the conventional borrowings. These bonds are widely used for financing developments projects of the non-profit organizations. Generally, the non-profit organizations use to borrow bonds from the government in exchange of credit enhancements, assets or other securities. Then the non-profit organizations use to appeal the investors to invest in the bond (Ke,2013). Advantages:- The bond hold by the organization is credited with Triple A rating. Therefore, it will not have any problem to find potential investors for the bond investment. Moreover, the interest rate of the bonds are also very low and the organization can enjoy tax benefit from such financing policy also. Disadvantages:- For the bond financing, though the interest is lower, the organization have to pay it on monthly or quarterly basis. Hence, it should have the financial strength to pay the interest on regular basis. Moreover, the principal amount of such debt has to be paid at one time. The organization may have problems to pay huge amount, which may affect its future operational activities. 3) Funding from General Business Operation:- The profit and non-profit organizations also use to create funds from its normal operational activities and utilize the fund for project financing. This is another common way of raising funds from own resources. The organizations, who have steady source of income, use to follow this method. Advantages:- Like, endowment fund, financing from general revenues, also uses to help the organization to avoid additional expenses, in terms of interest. Moreover, the organization can utilize its endowment funds for other purposes only by adopting this source of financing. Disadvantages:- The organization should have the capacity to earn enough revenue to cover the periodical project costs. Such financing method may prevent the organization from spending its revenues for other purposes. Moreover, the project cost is based on estimation. If in the future the actual cost of the project increases, the organization will face great difficulty to complete the project as being an educational institution, its revenue generation is more or less fixed (McKinney,2015). Recommendation:- The endowm ent fund is the most commonly used financing sources for the capital projects of educational institutions. It does not have any interest expenses. On the other hand, the organizations use to utilize this fund for its operation and other specific purposes. Therefore, by utilizing the endowment fund, the management may face fund shortages for other operational activities. higher rate of revenue generation till the ending of the project. For an educational institution, where the main source of income is donation and grants, it is not possible to maintain a steady income rate for a long period. Therefore, it may be suggested that the most appropriate source of financing the project will be the bond financing. As the interest rate is lower, it will not be a cause of huge burden on the organization. The organization will also get tax exemption for the interest. For the repayment of the loan, the organization can create a reserve, where it will transfer some of its monthly earnings at end of each month (Wagner, 2013). As, there will be no fixed rate of savings, it will not hamper the daily operational activity. If at the end of the debt period, the organization cannot save enough fund for the repayment, the shortfall can be covered out of the endowment fund.