Sunday, May 24, 2020
Abstract Spirituality is not easily defined; many people tend to confuse spirituality with religion and when they are two completely different things their meaning and how they can be implemented into counseling will be discussed. Spirituality is mostly used in counseling to aid recovery in clients struggling with addiction (Greene Nguyen, 2012). There is pros and cons about integrating spirituality into counseling, is the client open to talk about their spiritual beliefs, is the counselor flexible and knowledgeable to accept other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs without forcing his or her beliefs into the client, how can a counselor help a person in need of recovery? These are questions that will lead to discussion to find the possible benefits and struggles that we might encounter when practicing spiritual counseling. INTEGRATING SPIRITUALITY INTO COUNSELING There is many definitions of spirituality and this may cause confusion into understanding how is spirituality used in a counseling setting and for what reason, peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s first thought might be to relate spirituality with religion. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s begin by defining what is Spirituality? According to White and Laudet (2006), spirituality can be defined by how it is experienced and what it does for the individual, it conveys experiences that will bring a sense of meaning and purpose in the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s life, it involves a belief in God or a higher power and also the encounter with oneÃ¢â¬â¢s inner strength and values. In other wordsShow MoreRelatedIntegrating Spirituality Into Counseling And Counseling2482 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages INTEGRATING SPIRITUALITY INTO COUNSELING Ana Cristina Garza Texas AM University Kingsville EDCG 5341- Spirituality Dr. Garza Abstract Spirituality is not easily defined; many people tend to confuse spirituality with religion and when they are two completely different things their meaning and how they can be implemented into counseling will be discussed. Spirituality is mostly used in counseling to aid recovery in clients struggling with addiction (Greene Nguyen, 2012)Read MoreThe Inclusion Of Spirituality Within The Counseling Process1258 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChristian counselor does not only use psychology and theology. McMinn believes that the inclusion of spirituality should be considered and limited only the intradisciplinary approach. It is considered intradisciplinary because it involves both the counselor and the client actively making decisions regarding therapy. McMinn explains that in order for the incorporation of spirituality within the counseling process, the counselor must have reached a certain level of spiritual maturity. The counselor isRead MoreA Review of Therapists Integration of Religion and Spirituality in Counseling1036 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSummary In this meta-analysis of integration of spirituality and religion in the counseling field, the authors seek to understand the skills and attitudes needed to integrate these variables into counseling. Among those that were studied are awareness of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own culture and heritage, respect for the diversity found in people concerning spirituality and religion and recognition of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s helping style and how it may be perceived by clients (Walker, Gorsuch, Tan, 2004). A difficulty that hasRead MorePsychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling by Mark McMinn1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiberty University Abstract In the book, Ã¢â¬Å"Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian CounselingÃ¢â¬ , author Mark McMinn gives the reader information on how these three entities can work together in Christian counseling. McMinn offers several ways in which this can be done including the use of prayer, Scripture, confession, forgiveness, the effects of sin, and redemption in counseling sessions. Through narration of counseling vignettes displaying different results, from different approaches demonstratesRead More4-Mat Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages4-MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Liberty University McMinn, Ph.D., Mark R. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. (1996) 4 MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling Abstract Christian counseling is all about integrating psychology, theology and spirituality into counselor and clients lives. Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling gives insight into how these three perspectives can be used to help individualsRead MoreIntegrating Religious And Spirituality Within Counseling, Explicit Integration, And Integration954 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Summary There are several key concepts in this study. Religion and spirituality are discussed and compared to the knowledge and skills one learns when dealing with multicultural counseling. Walker, Gorsuch, and Tan (2004), there are three approaches to integrating religious and spirituality in counseling, explicit integration, implicit integration, and intrapersonal integration. Explicit integration Ã¢â¬Å"is a more overt approach that directly and systematically deals with spiritual or religious issuesRead More4-MAT Review: Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling1188 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessocial interest, can play a powerful role in human bonding; thus becoming a very spiritual component of life. It in itself has a profound effect on the societiesÃ¢â¬â¢ spiritual experiences; and just like religion can respectfully be considered a form of spirituality for a modern society, as exemplified in RobinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s movie Ã¢â¬ËField of DreamsÃ¢â¬â¢. This story resonates far beyond the power of dreams, its appeal lies in a vision of a perfect sport and the love for which can inadvertently resolve issues no matter howRead MoreSummary and Reflection of Mark R McMinns Article Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling1607 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPsychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling by Mark R. McMinn is a conscious effort to apply all the major elements of Christian faith to the work of counselors. McMinn has created a workable blueprint for Christian counselors by writing at length about Christian faith in and out of the counseling office, psychological health, prayer, scripture, sin, confession, forgiveness, and redemption. In doing so, McMinn has successfully blended modern counseling techniques with ChristianRead MoreA Research Report From Counseling And Values1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesType of Article Spirituality in the Counselor Education Curriculum: A National Survey of Students Perceptions (Dobmeier Reiner, 2012) is a research report from Counseling and Values. Counseling and Values are a validated journal of the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling (ASERVIC) and a participant of the American Counseling Association. Counseling and Values are a professional periodical of philosophy, research, and a well-versed opinion concerning the interactionsRead MoreSummary Therapists Integration Of Religion And Spirituality921 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSummary-Therapists Integration of Religion Spirituality In this article, there were a 26 survey conducted with 5,579 therapists with the integration of religion and spirituality in counseling. In the study, most therapist consider spirituality through their lives, but does not infrequently participate in religious activities. In the study, it was founded that marriage therapists consider more spirituality during their counseling session than other therapists, and marriage therapists is more likely
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Decision making essay resit: To support discharge home for end of life care. This essay aims to look at the authors role (a third year student nurse on an elderly ward) in regards to a decision making scenario in which an eighty six year old lady is severely unwell and the decision to support discharge home for end of life care needs to be made. The decision to discharge Barbara home was to be decided upon by the multi-disciplinary team (MDT) and therefore this essay will look into how the decision was made, the role of the author and team as well as the factors that facilitated the decision. It will explore a range of decision making models before identifying the one used (cognitive continuum) and evaluating whether or not it wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦At a recent yearly routine appointment to dilate her urostomy she was informed that she had kidney stones and was awaiting further guidance. After arriving in AE blood tests and further assessments were completed and it quickly became clear Barbara had a kidney infection, fluids and antibiotics were administered. Two days after admission Barbara showed no signs of improvement and continued to slip in and out of consciousness, at this stage the family were told to prepare for the worst. After Barbara was diagnosed with bladder cancer herself and husband Peter both decided to include do not resuscitate forms (DNR) as part of their will. It was stipulated that if Barbara was going to die Peter wanted her to be at home surrounded by family and friends. This was something that he and the family said Barbara would have wanted. Due to Barbara deteriorating quite quickly the ward sister held an emergency MDT meeting and it was agreed that they would aim to get Barbara home by the following day. This aim was met and two days later Barbara passed away peacefully at home in her sleep. In order for Barbara to return home a variety of decisions had to be made. The aim of these important decisions being to promote positive patient outcomes (Benner, Hughes and Sutphen, 2008). Standing (2014) reports that learning skills and knowledge used within nursing should not be secondary to developing decision making skills, and that in theory decisions should beShow MoreRelatedTransformational Leadership And The Employee Creativity1125 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrole of transformational leadership in predicting employee creativity. The inquiry prompted the study, Ã¢â¬Å"What is the role of transformational leadership in predicting employee creativity?Ã¢â¬ Data collection was done using survey questionnaires, using 372 respondents. Measurements entailed a short version of the MLQ to assess employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s perceptions of transformational leadership. A four-item scale adopted by Tierney was used to measure employee creativity. The main statistical analysis used was aRead More Improving A High Performing Agency Essay1446 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstrategies that directors should take into consideration if they want to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their agency. These strategies and components include being an autonomous agency, practicing organizational learning, having strong leadership and implementing institutionalization. One of the first important factors that that must be taken under consideration to achieve a high performing agency is autonomy. An autonomous agency is defined as an one that is free from external influencesRead MoreWeek 7 Leadership Paper1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Synthesis Paper: Leadership RES -811 April 22, 2015 Leadership Paper This paper will create a dialogue concerning the following articles and synthesis them to generate a discussion of the common themes that run throughout them, as well as understanding the conclusion of all three articles when taken as one entity. Article 1: Fearless Dominance and the U.S. Presidency: Implications of PsychopathicPersonality Traits for Successful and Unsuccessful Political Leadership by S.O. Lilienfeld, IRead MoreThe Transformational Leadership Model Of A Business Environment1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere are several different theories that can be applied to leadership. Hence, there are no right or wrong theories, purely just diverse perceptions. The trait theory of leadership believes that leaders are born and not made. This theory claims that leadership is inherited, and great leaders are born with natural leadership traits. Zaccaro, S. J. (2007) defines this as a Ã¢â¬Å"unique property of extraordinary individuals whose decisions are capable of sometimes radically changing the streams of historyÃ¢â¬ [Pg6]Read MoreDiversity in Western vs Eastern Transformational Leadership1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesin 1985 on leadership in the western world which focused on western leaders and how they influenced their su bordinates. What he found was that leaders across organizations shared similar attributes. He referred to this style as Ã¢â¬Å"transformational leadershipÃ¢â¬ . Through this style, leaders Ã¢â¬Å"inspire followers to transcend self-interest for the good of the organization and can have an extraordinary effect on their followersÃ¢â¬ (Robbins Judges, 2012:188). Bass discovered that cultures that used this leadershipRead MoreThe Current Incidents Of Poor Leadership Within The Health Service Essay1650 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesessay aims to define and analyse the leadership within the context of the NHS and specifically in the nursing profession. Further, this assignment will highlight some of the current incidents of poor leadership within the Health service. It will then briefly discuss some of the leadership theories whilst exploring my own leadership style along with rationale. SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threats) analysis will be conducted to identify my leadership potential, which will be included inRead MoreTransformational Leadership : A Transformational Leader1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTransformational Nursing Leadership INTRODUCTION Leadership is a process. The leader uses influence to inspire others toward a common goal. There are different types of leadership such as autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire. One leadership theory is transformational leadership. A transformational leader is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a leader who is committed to a vision that empowers othersÃ¢â¬ (Kelly, 2012). A transactional leader is focused on day toRead MoreI Don t Have As Much Teaching Experience1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbeen resolved. I am providing this particular situational problem as my own personal experience from a teacher standpoint and then evaluating and analyzing it from an administrative position. There are so many different theories and models of leadership behaviors and narrowing it down to only a few or assigning them to an experience written on paper is too inadequate to grasp the complexities of what leaders must do to be flexible in any given situation. Once placed in the same situation as whatRead MoreTheories Of Leadership Styles And Job Satisfaction Among Employees Serve As Predictors Of Innovation1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstudy is grounded in contingency theory, AdamsÃ¢â¬â¢ Equity Theory, HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s Two Factor theory, and the transformational-transactional organizational theories of leadership. Traditional leadership and motivational theories have failed to address how leadership styles and job satisfaction among employees serve as predictors of innovation in organizations. The strategic literature highlights leadership style and employee job satisfaction as an especially important influence on organizational innovationRead MoreThe And Transformational Tra nsactional Organizational Theories Of Leadership1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontingency and transformational-transactional organizational theories of leadership. The strategic literature highlights leadership style as an especially important influence on organizational innovation (Garcia-Morales, Jimenez-Barrionuevo, Gutierrez-Gutierrez, 2012). Contingency Theory Contingency theories are based upon the current leadership situation and are subject to change depending on the goal to be achieved (Waters, 2013). In contingency theory, the effectiveness of the leadership style depends
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The hospitality industry is one area where a large number of managers and chefs have become entrepreneurs and successful owners of their own businesses. Being a futuristic person I handle things with great patience, which is the main positive sign that strongly relates me to this esteemed industry. A constant learning process would lead me to improvise on the professional skills required to survive in this field. We will write a custom essay sample on Hospitality Course or any similar topic only for you Order Now Over the years, I see potentials for learning in every situation I find myself. The greatest motivation for me in applying for the Advance Diploma program in Ã¢â¬Ëhospitality and tourism operations managementÃ¢â¬â¢ is the opportunity it presents me to get exposed to the travel and tourism sector which is highly associated with the hospitality industry. This sector has grown leaps and bounds over the years and has promising growth potential. I believe that this Advance Diploma course will help me to achieve my ultimate goal, which is to develop myself to establish a career as a manager of a big concern or become an entrepreneur. To fulfill this goal however, I must develop my knowledge required to pilot major problems in this industry and learn to solve complex issues through an integrated approach. The hotelier must have a love for humanity, for humans show their worst side when they are tired and hungry. Being gracious to guests as well as to associates, shows a mastery of the art of hospitality. All these positive efforts had given me great exposure to the core areas of management in terms of all the four major departments Ã¢â¬â food and beverage, front office, food production and housekeeping to run and expand hotel business in this competitive world you need to have thorough knowledge of management as well. It will be an interesting work place where each day offers new challenges with never a dull moment, thereby making it extremely enjoyable. The industry offers a well rounded personality development for the individual and although there is glamour and show business, there are also a lot of hard work and long hours as well. I have demonstrated capacity and a unique ability in me to thrive in the midst of challenges. I believe this attitude would be of help particularly when real-life work challenges are presented and discussed. MY AIM: Business has come to me from my family. It has always fascinated me from my childhood. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s my dream as well as aim too to open a chain of restaurants in famous cities at the world level as because working at 5-star hotels, luxurious resorts, restaurants, clubs, on cruise lines, and more are always there in my imagination of work. And hence to full fill my objective and to quench my thirst for knowledge, diploma studies in hotel management will definitely help me keep up-to-date with the fast moving world. PREFERENCE FOR HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT: Keen interest in hotel management right from my teen age inspired me to develop my career for the same. The Diploma in hospitality management course taught at Georgian College, Canada, which provides a launch pad for progression to the hotel and resort Business in India. All business is competitive; companies and organization are striving to maximize the return on the application of their limited resources. To make more profit, to gain market share or to position themselves as being the no. 1 company in their field, whatever their objectives they will only be achieved by the application of sound management. PREFERENCE FOR CANADA: The world of today, as we know is a tough world Expertise and specialization are of great demands in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s era of competition. International exposure, study in depth and practical experience in the field of hotel management are the most important factors for a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s career and above all education from developed and advance country in the world, where the latest and most advance equipment facilities and opportunities for learning and acquiring detailed knowledge in a systematic way are available, which is not the case in other country. I feel CANADA is the pioneer and best place to full fill this requirement as all the latest trends are almost always seen emerging from this part of the globe and the rest of the world seems to follow suit, main view of the aforesaid background, I have found the course at Georgian college most existing, interesting and ideally suited to my requirements and ambitions. I look forward to have a meaningful tenure, which would help me launch a successful career. To conclude with a wide range of interests but definite goals, I am attracted to the advance diploma program at Georgian College which would suit me well and offer me perfect academic environment. It would be a great privilege if I am granted the opportunity to pursue my graduate studies at your reputed institution and I am quite confident that I will match the high standards set by your college. How to cite Hospitality Course, Papers
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Write an essay onFantastic University. Answer: Fantastic University is a non-profit organization, which intends to start a building project, amounted to $6.5 million. The organization uses to own a handsome amount of endowment fund. It is appreciated with triple A rating in terms of credit rating. Inspite of having enough internal fund and scope of bond financing, the management wish to finance the project out of its net operational income. The report is prepared to analyze the various sources of project financing and suggest the suitable source to the management. For this purpose, all the sources are critically overviewed along with the related advantages and disadvantages. Various consequences are also examined to co-relate with the project and with the organization to determine how any particular decision will affect the organizations financial structure and operation. Project Finance:- According to International Project Finance Association, project finance can be explained as the financing procedure for long- term infrastructure and public services, where the project cost, in terms of debt and equity, used for financing the project, are used to be paid off out of the net revenue or the net cash flow, generated from the project. The definition has given more focus on the financial activities of profit-seeking organization. For non-profit organization, the project finance may be defined as the process of sourcing the fund for financing any project, which will be covered by the net reserve fund, generated from financial activities. Generally, the project costs for non-profit organizations, especially university, are acquired from donations made by trustees government, endowment fund of the organization or by debt financing. Project Finance Model:- Before starting any project or planning for project finance, it is necessary to prepare an estimated financial cost structure on the basis of estimated inputs of the project. It will help to get an idea how much cost would be required periodically and also about the potential impacts of various funding options on the financial operation of the organization. For this purpose, project finance model is used to be prepared for asses the capability of the project or the organization to cover the operating costs and the debt expenses, if any, over the total period of the period. The main financial tool, used for the model, is the Estimated Cash Flow Statement. From the estimation, the organization can determine how much cash, it would require at any certain period of the project. Moreover, it can also provide the information whether the organization would be able to cover the additional debt expenses out of its operational cash inflow. Assessment of the Sources for Project Financing:- The most important part of project finance planning, is to determine the suitable finance structure. A suitable financial structure should include those financial sources, which can be more beneficial for the project or the organization. It is a common misconception that the sources, which would not cause any additional expenses, are more beneficial. It has been observed in many cases, that the additional expenses can be very useful for enjoying tax benefits and are proved to be cost effective than other sources. The cost effectiveness of any financing source depends on its nature, taxation and government policies and the nature of the project. Therefore, to determine the suitable project finance structure for Fantastic University, the possible financing options are discussed in detail below:- 1)Utilization of Endowment Fund:- Endowment fund is the most common investment funds, maintained by the non-profit organizations in United States. Endowment fund is generally created from the donations and excess revenues, generated from the operations. The endowment fund is mainly utilized for the operational activities and capital expenditures. Apart from that, it is also used for various specific purposes, such as, endowing professorship or student scholarships. The total fund is used to be invested in various investments and the expenses are met by the interest or dividend, earned from the investment, whereas, the principal fund is kept intact (Dimmock, 2012). Advantages:- As discussed above, endowment fund is common source of project financing for the non-profit organizations. The management may use the endowment fund for the building project. The main advantage of using the endowment fund, is that the organization does not have to bear any additional interest expense for the project. There will be no extra burden on the operational activities to cover the project expenses. Moreover, in the recent past, it has been observed that the total amount of donation to the universities and other educational institutions by non-government organizations or individuals has reduced as many universities were not utilizing the endowment funds properly. Therefore, if the organization would spend its endowment fund for development of the infrastructure, the donators might increase their donations. It would result in increase of the revenue of the organization. Disadvantage:- The endowment fund is created not only for capital expenditures, but also for other special purposes. Therefore, if the fund is used for the building project, the organization may face problems to provide scholarship or professorship to deserved candidates. Moreover, this type of fund is also utilized to assist the operational activities. Hence, in future, the organization may suffer from shortage of funds in regard to continue its daily operations. 2) Bond Financing:- Bond financing is a form of debt financing, which is provided by the local government authority to the non-profit organizations. The interest rate is very low in comparison to the conventional borrowings. These bonds are widely used for financing developments projects of the non-profit organizations. Generally, the non-profit organizations use to borrow bonds from the government in exchange of credit enhancements, assets or other securities. Then the non-profit organizations use to appeal the investors to invest in the bond (Ke,2013). Advantages:- The bond hold by the organization is credited with Triple A rating. Therefore, it will not have any problem to find potential investors for the bond investment. Moreover, the interest rate of the bonds are also very low and the organization can enjoy tax benefit from such financing policy also. Disadvantages:- For the bond financing, though the interest is lower, the organization have to pay it on monthly or quarterly basis. Hence, it should have the financial strength to pay the interest on regular basis. Moreover, the principal amount of such debt has to be paid at one time. The organization may have problems to pay huge amount, which may affect its future operational activities. 3) Funding from General Business Operation:- The profit and non-profit organizations also use to create funds from its normal operational activities and utilize the fund for project financing. This is another common way of raising funds from own resources. The organizations, who have steady source of income, use to follow this method. Advantages:- Like, endowment fund, financing from general revenues, also uses to help the organization to avoid additional expenses, in terms of interest. Moreover, the organization can utilize its endowment funds for other purposes only by adopting this source of financing. Disadvantages:- The organization should have the capacity to earn enough revenue to cover the periodical project costs. Such financing method may prevent the organization from spending its revenues for other purposes. Moreover, the project cost is based on estimation. If in the future the actual cost of the project increases, the organization will face great difficulty to complete the project as being an educational institution, its revenue generation is more or less fixed (McKinney,2015). Recommendation:- The endowm ent fund is the most commonly used financing sources for the capital projects of educational institutions. It does not have any interest expenses. On the other hand, the organizations use to utilize this fund for its operation and other specific purposes. Therefore, by utilizing the endowment fund, the management may face fund shortages for other operational activities. higher rate of revenue generation till the ending of the project. For an educational institution, where the main source of income is donation and grants, it is not possible to maintain a steady income rate for a long period. Therefore, it may be suggested that the most appropriate source of financing the project will be the bond financing. As the interest rate is lower, it will not be a cause of huge burden on the organization. The organization will also get tax exemption for the interest. For the repayment of the loan, the organization can create a reserve, where it will transfer some of its monthly earnings at end of each month (Wagner, 2013). As, there will be no fixed rate of savings, it will not hamper the daily operational activity. If at the end of the debt period, the organization cannot save enough fund for the repayment, the shortfall can be covered out of the endowment fund.
Saturday, March 28, 2020
Unme Jean Branding Web 2.0 Essay Case: UnME Jeans: Branding Web 2. 0 Solution #1 I think Margaret Foley is not spending enough on internet marketing as per her current media plan. According to Exhibit 1, UnME has projected the highest media budget is slotted for Television and the lowest for online banner and search marketing. I think that UnME should increase their expenditure for Online marketing due the emergence of Web 2. 0 that has attracted a lot curiosity among marketers and the users. I suggest that Ms. Foley reduce her advertising budget for newspaper by at least 10% and reduce budget allocated to television and radio by a small margin. The target market for UnME is teenage girls who are social, taste leaders in their communities and valued brand for their unique features. This audience was showing a clear shift from traditional media channels to Web 2. 0. The reasons being: Lack of control over the information they acquire on television, newspapers and radio. Overwhelmed by advertisers and cluttering of ads on the mediums. Emergence of new technology in hardware and software gave consumers more control over the type of ads they want to see and the content they wish to engage in. For UnME, the advantages of allocating a higher percentage of the budget on online marketing are: Appropriate audiences for the company can now be targeted with more accuracy and with increased efficiency. Since teenage girls would be part of social media communities and use the internet to obtain their choice of information, advertisers would easily locate them and display their ads on such virtual places. We will write a custom essay sample on Unme Jean Branding Web 2.0 specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Unme Jean Branding Web 2.0 specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Unme Jean Branding Web 2.0 specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Separation of Church and State in the European Union The European Union, the intergovernmental organization between 25 European nations, faces many challenges concerning where it will go, how it will develop, and how and when it will expand. As its work continues and further develops, the Member States take many steps to be more united and uniform. Such developments are the birth of the Euro as the EUÃ¢â¬Ës monetary unit and the abolition of borders between the Member States except the United Kingdom. The writing of the EU Constitution is another development. However, this one has raised much controversy over one issue: the omission of religious reference in the Constitution. This issue raises many questions, and one of them is whether the EU should seek standard policy regarding the state-church relationships of the Member States. Perhaps a coherent way to look at and discuss this question is by comparing the EU to another union, such as the United States. The difference between their structures and developments can point out how the EU should behave about the separation of church and state. The US, being a federation, believes that constitutionally, the church and state should be separated. This policy helps the US function as a successful body, under the principles it has set. However, unlike the US, the EU does not need to find a uniform way in dealing with the church-government relationships in order to function as a successful body, since the EU has no central gover nment and is not an organization which interferes with the strictly internal policies of the Member States. The US developed in such a way that a uniform in church-state relationships is needed. Ever since the colonial period, there was an established religion in some of the colonies. For instance, New England had a Puritan domination, and the Colony of Virginia had the Anglican Church as official religion. However, with the Revolutionary War, these ... Free Essays on The Separation Of Church And State In The European Union Free Essays on The Separation Of Church And State In The European Union Separation of Church and State in the European Union The European Union, the intergovernmental organization between 25 European nations, faces many challenges concerning where it will go, how it will develop, and how and when it will expand. As its work continues and further develops, the Member States take many steps to be more united and uniform. Such developments are the birth of the Euro as the EUÃ¢â¬Ës monetary unit and the abolition of borders between the Member States except the United Kingdom. The writing of the EU Constitution is another development. However, this one has raised much controversy over one issue: the omission of religious reference in the Constitution. This issue raises many questions, and one of them is whether the EU should seek standard policy regarding the state-church relationships of the Member States. Perhaps a coherent way to look at and discuss this question is by comparing the EU to another union, such as the United States. The difference between their structures and developments can point out how the EU should behave about the separation of church and state. The US, being a federation, believes that constitutionally, the church and state should be separated. This policy helps the US function as a successful body, under the principles it has set. However, unlike the US, the EU does not need to find a uniform way in dealing with the church-government relationships in order to function as a successful body, since the EU has no central gover nment and is not an organization which interferes with the strictly internal policies of the Member States. The US developed in such a way that a uniform in church-state relationships is needed. Ever since the colonial period, there was an established religion in some of the colonies. For instance, New England had a Puritan domination, and the Colony of Virginia had the Anglican Church as official religion. However, with the Revolutionary War, these ...
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Foundations of Management for Healthcare Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1
Foundations of Management for Healthcare - Essay Example Taylor was one of the main contributors in the theory of scientific management. In fact, he is referred to as the father scientific management. Taylor proposes that organisation need to do a study on tasks and then develop appropriate procedures (Cliffsnotes par 3). For instance, organizations can make calculations on how to improve the performance of its employees by using correct procedures and movements. According to Taylor, people are significantly motivated by money. The study conducted by Tylor on the steel company Indicated that An organisation can significantly increase its product by the use of appropriate management practices in organisation of the tasks (Cliffsnotes part 4). The study further indicated that employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ productivity can be improved though effective management and arrangement of activities in an organisation. For instance, the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ productivity increased significantly. This can be realized through development of the appropriate incentives to induce employees to put more effort. This contribution was of great significance in the management of organizations. This principle can be of great significant in the heath care. Application of this principle can lead to an increase in the level of employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ productivity hence increased level of services. According to Mayo, for an organisation to be successful, it should not only consider the monetary needs of its employees, but also the non monetary needs (Scribd par 4). According to this principle, people are motivated by social needs as well as good job relationships. In addition, people will tend to be better to work in a group relationship rather than individuals. According to this principle, satisfaction of psychological needs should be packed in the front line in every organisation. McGregor did an intensive examination of the theories of individual behaviors at the workplace. Through this examination, he